File Name: powers and functions of indian president .zip
The President shall be elected by the members of an electoral college consisting of — a the elected members of both Houses of Parliament; and b the elected members of the Legislative Assemblies of the States. Take a Free Test. A person who holds, or who has held, office as President shall, subject to the other provisions of this Constitution be eligible for re-election to that office.
Separation of powers is a model that divides the government into separate branches, each of which has separate and independent powers. By having multiple branches of government , this system helps to ensure that no one branch is more powerful than another. Typically, this system divides the government into three branches: the Legislative Branch, the Executive Branch, and the Judicial Branch. The United States federal government and forty states divide their governments into these three branches. Congress, in addition to other enumerated responsibilities, is responsible for creating laws. As a general rule, the nondelegation doctrine prohibits the Legislative Branch from delegating its lawmaking responsibilities.
He discusses the Position and the Powers provided to the President by the Constitution. India has a Parliamentary form of Government which is based on the British system therefore, there are two Houses of Parliament in India and the President which together comprise of the Parliament. In India, the President has the same position as the Queen or King of England enjoys and therefore he is the nominal or titular Head of the State. As the Head of the State, he enjoys a wide variety of powers and thus the Constitution of India also provides many provisions about the position of the President of India. Article 52 of the Indian Constitution provides that there shall be a President of India. Thus, the position of the President is provided for in the Constitution. Under Article 53, the executive powers of the Union are vested in the President and therefore, he plays an important role in the governance of India.
The President is elected by members of an electoral college consisting of elected members of both Houses of Parliament and Legislative Assemblies of the states in accordance with the system of proportional representation, by means of single transferable vote. To secure uniformity among state inter se, as well as parity between the states as a whole, and the Union, suitable weightage is given to each vote. The President must be a citizen of India, not less than 35 years of age, and qualified for election as member of the Lok Sabha. His term of office is five years, and he is eligible for re-election.
The president is indirectly elected by an electoral college comprising the Parliament of India both houses and the legislative assemblies of each of India's states and territories , who themselves are all directly elected. Although Article 53 of the Constitution of India states that the president can exercise his powers directly or by subordinate authority, with few exceptions, all of the executive powers vested in the president are, in practice, exercised by the prime minister a subordinate authority with the help of the Council of Ministers. India achieved independence from the British on 15 August , initially as a dominion within the Commonwealth of Nations with George VI as king, represented in the country by a governor-general. Ambedkar , undertook the process of drafting a completely new constitution for the country. The Constitution of India was eventually enacted on 26 November and came into force on 26 January ,  : 26 making India a republic.
One of the most important questions which engaged the attention of the framers of the Constitution was the nature of the Executive and its relation with the Legislature.
There is no special process for the election of the Prime Minister in the Constitution of India. Article 75 only says that India shall have a Prime Minister whose appointment shall be made by the President. The Prime Minister is the leader of the Council of Ministers. The President is the only nominal ruler while the real executive powers are envisaged in the Prime Minister.
The President of India is the executive head of India. He is the supreme command of the defence forces of India and the ceremonial head of the country and also called the first citizen of India. The President is elected indirectly by Electoral College in both houses of Parliament and the legislative assembly of each State and territory of India, who themselves are directly chosen by the people of India. It means we choose the President indirectly.
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The primary duty of the President is to preserve, protect and defend the constitution and the law of India as made part of his oath (Article 60 of Indian constitution).David B. 17.05.2021 at 15:18
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