File Name: peace and conflict study .zip
Peace and conflict studies is a social science field that identifies and analyzes violent and nonviolent behaviours as well as the structural mechanisms attending conflicts including social conflicts , with a view towards understanding those processes which lead to a more desirable human condition. This social science is in contrast to military studies , which has as its aim on the efficient attainment of victory in conflicts, primarily by violent means to the satisfaction of one or more, but not all, parties involved.
War, violence, poverty, oppression, and other sources of human suffering are common throughout history, manifesting themselves differently in different times and settings. It is often noted, for example, that the 20th century brought with it a uniquely global scale of tragedy, most clearly represented by the two World Wars, the proliferation of violence around the world following the fall of the Soviet Union, and most recently the increasing levels of inequality within and between nations. The beginning of 21st century on the other hand has displayed both continuity and change with the decades preceding it. Patterns of genocide and ethnicized violence, as transpired repeatedly in the 's, continue today in places like Darfur, while the newfound focus on terrorism has shifted attention away from many more traditional issues and perspectives in world politics. Mirroring this long record of human ills, attempts to critically analyze, understand, and respond to major sources of conflict and suffering also stretch far back in time. Again, however, it was only in the last century that the world finally saw the emergence of a large and diverse range of ideas, institutions, organizations, and social movements dedicated to spreading and strengthening peace and justice on a global scale. Key to these developments has been the increasing attention given by intellectuals and researchers to the rigorous study and theorizing of conflict, violence, and peace, and the application of many of these ideas by practitioners, activists, and even world leaders.
Research projects and other activities focus on attaining positive peace in just societies with plentiful resources for non-violent responses to conflict. The expertise of staff and guest contributors includes peace journalism, transitional justice, genocide studies, human rights, reconciliation, non-violence, the United Nations and the psychology of peace. Our long-established Distance Learning Program offers a globally recognised postgraduate degree without requiring students to relocate — we offer a combination of online study and brief trips to Sydney for intensive units. Graduates in Peace and Conflict Studies have gone on to navigate careers in a range of organisations including aid agencies and international non-government organisations, media and government. Peace and Conflict Studies focuses on the interconnections between peace, conflict, justice and human rights.
This book will prove valuable to peace researchers as well as students interested in furthering their understanding of discursive psychology. Reysen, Choice, Vol.
After all, if peace is the absence of violence, and vice versa, then we would expect peace researchers to explore the causes and dynamics of violent conflict. In this short opinion piece, however, I argue that these expectations often do not reflect the reality of contemporary peace and conflict studies — and that is a problem. I then argue that this bias not only creates an intellectual imbalance, it also runs the risk of normalizing the idea that political resistance and rebellion are necessarily violent pursuits. That normalization, in turn, may have problematic — and incendiary — consequences for the way that activists think about resistance, and the way that authorities respond to resistance. Thus, I conclude by calling for intellectual insurgency; a fundamental shift in the way that we collectively go about realizing peace and conflict research.
This contribution examines how the critical potential of research on peace in International Relations has been simultaneously marginalized and transformed. It then focuses on two epistemological and normative choices that occlude the emancipatory potential of peace research and marginalize certain approaches to the study of the causes of war and conditions of peace. In a more positive vein, it illustrates, with examples from recent research, where potentially emancipatory or transformative scholarship on building peace has migrated.
to study the conflicts and wars resulting from them, and then to study the foundations of building a lasting peace. The academic and research.
А сверхкритическая масса? - предложила Соши. - Тут сказано, что сверхкритическая масса плутония составляет тридцать пять и две десятых фунта. - Вот именно! - крикнул Джабба. - Посмотрите уран. Его сверхкритическую массу.
Если честно - да, - Не надо так, Сью, Ты меня оскорбляешь. Глаза Сьюзан сузились. Она терпеть не могла, когда он называл ее Сью. Вообще-то она ничего не имела против этого имени, но Хейл был единственным, кто его использовал, и это было ей неприятно.
Именно это и нравилось ей в нем - спонтанность решений. Она надолго прижалась губами к его губам. Он обвил ее руками, и они сами собой начали стягивать с нее ночную рубашку. - Я понимаю это как знак согласия, - сказал он, и они не отрывались друг от друга всю ночь, согреваемые теплом камина.
Казалось, что с той минуты, когда рано утром ему позвонил Стратмор, прошла целая вечность. Сдвинув в сторону пустые пивные бутылки, Беккер устало опустил голову на руки. Мне нужно передохнуть хотя бы несколько минут, - подумал .
Peace and Conflict Studies is an interdisciplinary field of study with a commitment to the non-violent management and resolution of conflict from the local to the international level.