File Name: unesco and tourism venice .zip
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In the last decades a number of studies have dealt with the negative impacts of tourism, still, there is a lack of research that explains why these impacts have emerged. The present article addresses this research gap, and after the identification of the different impacts, attempts to explore the reasons for their emergence through the case of Venice. Given that certain tourism impacts have been the focus of recent protests of Venetian residents, the article also tries to explore the connections between tourism-related issues and social movements that is, the reasons behind these demonstrations.
This makes it necessary to try and understand what the phrase sustainable tourism means, to avoid the risk that the concept gets used like a slogan that is adaptable to different interpretations. Following these definitions it is quite clear how for many years in Venice tourism has not been sustainable, not from the social point of view, or the environmental. For these reasons the vast majority of tourists do not return to Venice, and limit their visit to a short or very short.
Their massive presence deforms the city, which adjusts to their needs, and overtaxes it due to the burden on public transportation and the fragile pedestrian street system. So it should not seem too strange, this apparent paradox of a city visited by millions of tourists, which in high season has hotel vacancies, or that, although the city offers extraordinary museums, one sees museums outside the Marciana area half empty. The persistence of this unsustainable situation has for many been a glimpse of the next and definitive transformation of Venice into a theme park for day visiting tourists, that is, the death of Venice as a living city, with all its traditions, culture, memory, experience and way of life.
Then, however, the pandemic arrived, and with it the suspension of tourism and many have identified this as a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity for a restart that is different and more balanced. But no one imagines Venice without tourists, who for centuries have been attracted to its splendor and its art and who still represent an important element of the economy. Here is where the concept of sustainable tourism comes in, which, if applied in the correct terms described above, which in this city must be expressed in the search for the best possible compromise between the economic income generated by tourism itself and the need to control and minimize the undesirable effects that this generates on the place and for its inhabitants.
These contributions, however, cannot do much if they are not incorporated into a comprehensive strategy for sustainable tourism, in which the major actor must be the city administration, which has the fundamental responsibility for the proper management of the flow of tourists. From recent statements one gathers the impression that the way to address the subject is essentially by moving tourists from overcrowded areas, alleys or docks to others that are less congested.
It does not, however, consider the perspective of the city, which would be fatally overrun with tourists under this plan, that is, even the parts of the city that are still livable would be deformed. Thus, the sustainable management of the flow of tourists in Venice cannot ignore the need for a drastic reduction in their numbers, in compliance with UNESCO recommendation N.
The difference in price in the different periods seems, however, fairly limited, and the fee will not be applied to day visitor tourists from Veneto. Are we sure that a difference of a few euro can move from one season to another significant numbers of tourists, who are also visiting other cities, buying flights or cruises and are more limited by those costs then by the small differences of the price of the entry fee?
From a variety of quarters a system has been proposed that instead involves reservations and planned maximum daily numbers of visitors. The stumbling block of the principle of free movement of people is only apparent because this method is already active in other Italian insular areas — Pianosa, Giannutri and Montecristo — and is being discussed for the towns of the Cinque Terre.
However, we should not delude ourselves that these corrections in the area of tourism, while important, will be enough to save Venice if they are not inserted broader policy that involves the equally relevant questions of jobs, housing and taxation that can be managed efficiently only in the context of a Special Statute. The question is so important that recently even the Patriarch was led to call for international recognition of the uniqueness of Venice. Translated by Paul M. What follows are several clear and authoritative definitions that can be our guide.
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At the end of the paper, a comparative analysis of the two investigated cases is presented with the aim of presenting the research results and designing a personal model and conceptual frame of action to create a more efficient management system for protected heritage at all levels. A narrow area of the research encompasses demarketing as a segment of both strategic marketing and strategic management in the managing of intangible cultural heritage. The hypothesis set in this paper is that the WHS management system is specific for including very stratified areas of management, as well as numerous stakeholders at multiple levels. This is why, in their work, the authors correlate the problem area of strategic management and demarketing to prove their research hypothesis. Strategic management is defined as strategic planning, whereas the demarketing aspect relates to strategic activities to regulate tourist consumption in a tourist destination the marketing aspect in general , and specifically, efforts to diminish the pressure of consumption on the destination the demarketing aspect. What is more, WHSs differ significantly in both nature and size, as well as the sociocultural and economic conditions they are found in.
Overtourism is now a term that is frequently used to describe the negative impacts of excessive tourism on a destination. The impacts of overtourism are numerous and even if the term is quite new, we can find traces of this concept already among scholars in the beginning of mass tourism. Plog, for example, related the evolution of the number of tourists in a destination to the type of tourists visiting that same destination. What the figure below below illustrates is that the more touristic the destination is, the more psychocentric the tourists are. Typically, psychocentric travelers can cause cultural change, because of their demand for standardized infrastructures and services, economic leakage because of their use of services provided by foreigners e.
Surrounded by steep mountains and small farmsteads, it stretches about 18km from Sognefjord through the small municipality of Aurland to the village of Gudvangen. Since the area obtained World Heritage Site status, tourism there has exploded. Aurland, home to fewer than 2, permanent residents, now welcomes roughly 1m visitors every year.
Никогда. Внезапная пустота, разверзшаяся вокруг него, была невыносима. Сьюзан равнодушно смотрела на ТРАНСТЕКСТ. Она понимала, что огненный шар, заточенный в керамическую клетку, скоро вырвется наружу и поглотит. Она почти физически ощущала, как этот шар поднимается вверх все быстрее, пожирая кислород, высвобождаемый горящими чипами. Еще немного - и купол шифровалки превратится в огненный ад. Рассудок говорил ей, что надо бежать, но Дэвид мертвой тяжестью не давал ей сдвинуться с места.
Она не могла понять, что задержало его так надолго. У ее ног лежало тело Хейла. Прошло еще несколько минут. Она пыталась не думать о Дэвиде, но безуспешно. С каждым завыванием сирены слова Хейла эхом отдавались в ее мозгу: Я сожалею о Дэвиде Беккере. Сьюзан казалось, что она сходит с ума. Она уже готова была выскочить из комнаты, когда Стратмор наконец повернул рубильник и вырубил электропитание.
Надеюсь, это не уловка с целью заставить меня скинуть платье. - Мидж, я бы никогда… - начал он с фальшивым смирением. - Знаю, Чед. Мне не нужно напоминать. Через тридцать секунд она уже сидела за его столом и изучала отчет шифровалки.
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All rights reserved. Author: Culture Unit, UNESCO Venice Office based system on tourism and the tourist population in Venice. Restoration.Rich H. 06.05.2021 at 10:27
UNESCO Office in Venice Sustainable Tourism Development in UNESCO Designated Sites in South-Eastern Europe Ecological Tourism in Europe -ETE.StГ©phanie D. 06.05.2021 at 16:29
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