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Cold War Causes And Effects Pdf

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Causes of the Cold War Facts & Worksheets

The destructive consequences of that long ideological and economic competition were caused by both countries. What follows is a chronological account of the consequences wholly or partly attributable to the US, whose propaganda system the government-corporate-military-media-education complex for forty-five years attributed all wrongdoing to the SU. Various dates or events have been cited by various scholars for the beginning of the Cold War: Pres. In these origins lie many of the consequences of the Cold War, which are often inseparable from its causes: the arms race, the secrecy, the bellicosity, the organizing into belligerent camps, the good-evil dichotomies.

Two patterns particularly become evident in the following history, which one historian has called global and domestic McCarthyism. Underlying and energizing both are widespread ignorance, unrelenting bigotry, and intense hostility, the familiar three bully brothers of war.

March 21, Domestic repression intensifies, one of the worst of the consequences of the Cold War. Truman requires loyalty investigations of all federal employees and forbids government employment to Communists and Communist sympathizers, bot h ironically Stalinist, anti-democratic, unconstitutional actions. Parnell Thomas, conducts its first hearings concerning alleged Communist influence within the Hollywood film industry.

The Hollywood Ten —writers and directors mostly—were imprisoned for refusing to testify. Then the film industry began its blacklisting of Communists, Communist sympathizers, and associates. May 16, U. His murder by the brutal pro-U. Julius and Ethel Rosenberg arrested on June16, for spying, convicted in , and executed in US military bases in Britain.

Arms race expanding with dire consequences for an open democracy. April 22, largest atomic bomb explosion by US. From to the US alone produced some 28, nuclear weapons, from 1, to 30,, one of the most perilous of all Cold War consequences and a history difficult to fathom. One explanation is the spying, secrecy, and deceit on the part of our leaders, their propaganda and disinformation, intended to sedate the public. The government suppressed studies showing relationships between leukemia in southwestern Utah and nuclear testing.

These examples can be duplicated in the thousands. Yet there was a large and active peace movement. Repression expands: HUAC enlarged investigation of film industry forcing witnesses to name alleged communists; appeals to the Fifth-Amendment resulted in blacklisting. Asia, leading eventually to the Vietnam War. Army allegedly harboring Communists at one base. Eisenhower orders firing of federal employees who invoke the Fifth Amendment before a congressional committee.

Total War. March 1, Radioactive debris from Pacific Bikini atoll nuclear testing sickens crew of Japanese fishing boat. Following Communist-led Vietminh defeat of the French Army May 7, , US agrees to national elections but then refuses to sign the accords and blocks elections.

Fanaticism of domestic anti-communism reaches another high point when J. Robert Oppenheimer loses his security clearance, June 1, Repression deepens. August Communist Part outlawed. The catch: Smith Act already used to convict followers of Lenin, who [like Jefferson] advocated the violent overthrow of illegitimate government. Empire alliances. Germany remilitarized Empire threats.

March 28, Internal Revenue Service seizes Communist Party headquarters in several cities for nonpayment of taxes. Nuclear threatening. Nuclear War, deluding the public. July 20, nationwide Alert tests readiness for atomic attack. Eisenhower Doctrine. March 9, Congress approves military and economic aid to any Middle Eastern country that opposes Communism. Nuclear defense. April 22, U. Army Air Defense Command prepares protection for cities against nuclear missiles as part of the total war policy.

Nuclear proliferation. UK explodes its first hydrogen bomb. Intensified nuclear threatening. Now both countries can threaten global ruin.

Proliferation and threatening. August-, Eisenhower determined to defend contested islands between Taiwan and China by force if necessary. Empire, Monroe Doctrine.

Empire and anti-Communist fanaticism. Exaggerating enemy. August 5, US, SU, and UK ban atmospheric nuclear testing, which had for 18 years polluted the planet with radioactive dust. Empire, intervention. Vietnam ruler, Ngo Dinh Diem, and leaders of coup. August 7, Tonkin Gulf Resolution authorizes Pres. Vietnam War escalates, Feb. Johnson orders bombing of N. Vietnam, sends 2 Marine battalions, the first US combat troops, then a buildup from 75, to , combat troops, and calls for a doubling of the military draft..

Invasion of sovereign nations. April-May, Pres. Johnson sends 20, Marines into Dominican Republic against an alleged Communist coup. Alienation and strife in US. Total War brutal massacre without constraint. June 19, US bomb N. UK disassociates itself from bombing civilian centers. See James R. Air war on cities raises the issue of war crimes: In WWII, in retaliation for the assassination of one of their officers allegedly by the French Resistance, the Reich Division of the Waffen SS, assisted by the Gestapo, killed men, women, and children of the village of Oradour-sur-Glane, France, and burned the town to ashes.

The people of the village were not responsible for the killing. After the war, some of the German enlisted men but not the officers! Most of the people killed in the Hanoi and Haiphong bombings were, like the Oradour victims, civilian men, women, and children. US wealth squandered on war: taxes. Domestic strife. Belligerence breeds belligerence. Johnson calls up Navy and Air Force reserves to Korea.

Vietnamese cities. Atrocities, war crimes. March 16, My Lai massacre, some unarmed S. Vietnamese men, women, and children killed by US troops under command of Lt.

William Calley. Domestic McCarthyism. April 4, Martin Luther King, Jr. King was only one of hundreds of thousands placed under surveillance by Hoover for their opposition to the war. June 5, Senator Robert Kennedy assassinated. Hubert Humphrey. Mirror image. Europe countries invade Czechoslovakia, which had instituted democratic reforms. Brezhnev issues the Brezhnev Doctrine to justify the invasion with language and arguments interchangeable with US rationalizations for its invasions. He will maintain the war for five more years and drop more bomb tonnage than did Johnson.

Ironically for the public, Johnson had withdrawn because of the public protests against the war. Cold War into space.

April 30, US and S. Vietnamese forces attack neutral Cambodia, setting off massive anti-war demonstrations in US. Many universities closed down.

Repression: killing students. National Guardsmen kill four students and wound nine others at Kent State U.

The Cold War: Causes, Major Events, and How it Ended

The Cold War was waged on political, economic, and propaganda fronts and had only limited recourse to weapons. This hostility between the two superpowers was first given its name by George Orwell in an article published in The Cold War began after the surrender of Nazi Germany in , when the uneasy alliance between the United States and Great Britain on the one hand and the Soviet Union on the other started to fall apart. The Soviet Union began to establish left-wing governments in the countries of eastern Europe, determined to safeguard against a possible renewed threat from Germany. The Americans and the British worried that Soviet domination in eastern Europe might be permanent. The Cold War was solidified by —48, when U. Nevertheless, there was very little use of weapons on battlefields during the Cold War.

Part of a series on the History of the Cold War. In its course, the Cold War became a growing threat to world peace and when it reached its highest form of confrontation, as a direct and indirect consequence, numerous people suffered great misfortunes. After Russia embarked on several economic reformations in the s, it underwent a financial crisis and a recession more oppressive than the United States and Germany experienced during the Great Depression. Although Russian living standards worsened overall in the post—Cold War years, the economy held an overwhelming growth after and in early it became known that it had returned to its levels of per-Capita GDP. The Cold War has continued to influence global politics after its end, after the dissolution of the Soviet Union , the post—Cold War world is widely considered as unipolar —with the United States the sole remaining superpower. In addition to the loss of life by uniformed soldiers, millions died in the superpowers' proxy wars around the globe, most notably in Southeast Asia.

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The period occurred between , the year of the Truman Doctrine, and , when the Soviet Union collapsed. Click here to read more articles in this category. Alternatively, if you would like to learn about the conflict in video form, check out this nine-minute explainer video.

Raymond L. The fundamental underlying cause of the Cold War was the reinforcing belief in both the Soviet Union and the United States that confrontation was unavoidable, imposed by history. For their part, American and other Western leaders assumed that the Soviet Union was determined to enhance its own power and to pursue expansionist policies by all expedient means in order to achieve a Soviet-led Communist world. Each side thought that it was compelled by the very existence of the other side to engage in a zero-sum competition, and each saw the unfolding history of the Cold War as confirming its views.

Historical analysis of the Cold War

The destructive consequences of that long ideological and economic competition were caused by both countries. What follows is a chronological account of the consequences wholly or partly attributable to the US, whose propaganda system the government-corporate-military-media-education complex for forty-five years attributed all wrongdoing to the SU. Various dates or events have been cited by various scholars for the beginning of the Cold War: Pres.

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As the passage of time slowly diminishes important events, it is history that must gather all the facts and emotions and expose it to future generations. One such event, perhaps one of the most important of the twentieth century, no longer exercises relevancy in the daily lives of many- the Cold War. The Cold War shaped American foreign policy and political ideology, impacted the domestic economy and the presidency, and affected the personal lives of Americans creating a climate of expected conformity and normalcy. By the end of the 's, dissent slowly increased reaching a climax by the late 's. Suspicion and apprehension of the Soviet Union remained constant throughout the twenties and thirties intensifying with Josef Stalin's brutal regime. When Russia was invaded by the Nazis, those concerns were temporarily set aside as the Soviet Union became an ally.

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Numerous scholars have detailed the effects that variables such as economic decline, relative power shifts, identity and behavioral changes, and complex learning.


THE COLD WAR: PART II CONSEQUENCES

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Effects of the Cold War

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Effects of the Cold War

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5 Comments

Emmanuelle A. 20.05.2021 at 09:34

The Cold War finally came to an end in with the fall of the Berlin Wall and the collapse both cause and effect of the end of Communism.

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Cold War, the open yet restricted rivalry that developed after World War II between the United States and the Soviet Union and their respective.

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