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Difference Between Literary Criticism And Literary Theory Pdf

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Literary criticism and literary theory are two important terms that we encounter in literary studies. There are varying views on the difference between literary criticism and literary theory; some scholars use these two terms to describe the same concept whereas some other scholars consider literary criticism as the practical application of the literary theories. In this article, we are considering the latter perspective.

Literary theory is the systematic study of the nature of literature and of the methods for literary analysis. The practice of literary theory became a profession in the 20th century, but it has historical roots that run as far back as ancient Greece Aristotle 's Poetics is an often cited early example , ancient India Bharata Muni 's Natya Shastra , ancient Rome Longinus 's On the Sublime and medieval Iraq Al-Jahiz 's al-Bayan wa-'l-tabyin and al-Hayawan , and ibn al-Mu'tazz 's Kitab al-Badi. The theory and criticism of literature are tied to the history of literature.

The Differences Between Literary Criticism

Literary criticism or literary studies is the study, evaluation , and interpretation of literature. Modern literary criticism is often influenced by literary theory , which is the philosophical discussion of literature's goals and methods. Though the two activities are closely related, literary critics are not always, and have not always been, theorists. Whether or not literary criticism should be considered a separate field of inquiry from literary theory , or conversely from book reviewing, is a matter of some controversy. For example, the Johns Hopkins Guide to Literary Theory and Criticism [1] draws no distinction between literary theory and literary criticism, and almost always uses the terms together to describe the same concept.

Difference between literary criticism and literary theory

Literary theory is the body of ideas and methods we use in the practical reading of literature. By literary theory we refer not to the meaning of a work of literature but to the theories that reveal what literature can mean. All literary interpretation draws on a basis in theory but can serve as a justification for very different kinds of critical activity. Literary theory in recent years has sought to explain the degree to which the text is more the product of a culture than an individual author and in turn how those texts help to create the culture. It is simply the various methods we use to analyze and understand literature.

Theory Before we dive into the various divisions of literary studies that comprise much of what we tend to think of as theory, it will be most useful, perhaps even necessary, to clear up a very common confusion that many students who are new to theory have about the difference between literary theory and literary criticism. I will admit that this distinction was lost on me until I gained a sharper idea of what theory really was, and that the way literary studies positions both of them does not help. In your average literature class, especially one beyond the first and second year, the professor will be delivering content based most directly on the literary works you will all be reading. Along with their own original insights, the professor will bring appropriate literary criticism to bear on the work, as well as introducing a theoretical approach, or several, or setting the criticism in its theoretical context. As a result, the student gets the full treatment, which is excellent, but the ideas of criticism and theory are presented at the same time, and as a result, are easily confused.

The very first thing one should know before getting into the details of this idea, what is the difference between literary criticism and literary theory, is that there is not only one difference between these two concepts but many. However, it is equally true that theory and criticism, in the literary context, are two things that are very much related. Literary theory is the idea that controls or guides the action known as literary criticism. However, there are certain differences between these two concepts that we must know. In this article, I will focus on some of the key differences between literary theory and literary criticism. Moreover, if you are still unsure about the very definition of literary theory, you should read the introductory article on English Literature Education platform — what is literary theory? Anything else that I write here will only be the act of saying the same thing in many different ways.

Literary criticism

By literary theory we refer not to the meaning of a work of literature but to the theories that reveal what literature can mean. Literary theory is a description of the underlying principles, one might say the tools, by which we attempt to understand literature. All literary interpretation draws on a basis in theory but can serve as a justification for very different kinds of critical activity. It is literary theory that formulates the relationship between author and work; literary theory develops the significance of race, class, and gender for literary study, both from the standpoint of the biography of the author and an analysis of their thematic presence within texts. Literary theory offers varying approaches for understanding the role of historical context in interpretation as well as the relevance of linguistic and unconscious elements of the text.

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Difference Between Literary Theory & Criticism

Main Difference – Literary Criticism vs Literary Theory

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Literary criticism

Беккер мрачно кивнул. - Кому вы его продали. Тучный немец в полном недоумении сидел на кровати. Надежды на романтический вечер рушились по непонятной причине.

Difference Between Literary Criticism and Literary Theory

 Прости меня, Дэвид, - прошептала.  - Я… я не могу. Дэвид даже вздрогнул.

 - Отключение вручную займет минут тридцать. Фонтейн по-прежнему смотрел на ВР, перебирая в уме остающиеся возможности. - Директор! - взорвался Джабба.  - Когда эти стены рухнут, вся планета получит высший уровень допуска к нашим секретам. Высший уровень.

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Difference Between Literary Criticism and Literary Theory

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