shipping and transportation in sap sd pdf Friday, April 30, 2021 6:35:57 AM

Shipping And Transportation In Sap Sd Pdf

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Stage in transport. SAP Knowledge Base Article - Preview - Unable to delete delivery shipment document and shipment cost document is already created. SAP menu path. SD Certified. The shipment cost document is integrated in the document flow for SD documents.

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I posted recently this same content at SCN and I decided to post it here too. I wrote this configuration guide for Logistics Execution Transportation LE-TRA sometime ago for my own reference and kept updating it while my company was changing the process, projects were going on, merges, acquisitions and etc. This document is more focused on freight payments and Shipment Cost Document, but it has a nice overview of all configuration required until a Shipment Cost Document can be created.

This includes of course, the shipment configuration in a higher level. Part I. Part II. Part III. This is usually but not always the vendor who will be paid by the freight service. Routes — The route is a component of LE-SHP and plays an important role in the Shipping process creation and planning, determining itinerary the leg or stage in the shipment , determines Means of Transport, like truck, train, plane or ship and they usually carry a departure point information e.

Shipping point and Destination Point port of destination, customer and etc. For example, in a shipment you may have all your products packed in a Container, then the container is your handling unit. However, depending on the size of the shipment you may have multiple containers and those containers are loaded in a big vessel, then besides the containers, you will also have a vessel as a packing unit, or a handling unit.

The Handling Unit plays an important role in the shipment cost calculation, they are represented as sub-items in the SCD items. Shipment — The Shipment document containing details based on predecessor deliveries, including who are the service agents, the routes, what are the stages, and the deadlines for planning and execution times.

This document is the pre-requisite to the Shipment Cost Document. Shipment Type — Shipment type contain primary settings to the shipment document such like: the Direction inbound or Outbound , number range, partner information, stage determination procedure and etc.

Shipment Cost Document — This document is created subsequent to the Shipment, using this document as reference. The Shipment Cost Document SCD contains the necessary data to pay the service agent agreed rates, price, invoice party and etc.

This document when created correct will be used in most of the times to trigger an accrual in the system. Rates — Rates are loaded in the system via Condition Technique using condition types predefined and they are carried over to the SCD when the document is created.

The rates can be created in more than one condition to the same document, for example if you want breakdown the agreed freight cost with the service agent between what is freight service, what is toll, what is fuel surcharge and etc.

Transportation Planning Point — Aka. TPP, it is an organizational level in Logistics that is responsible for planning and processing shipments.

They can also be represented by a group of people inside of the organization, for example, TPP for mode Ocean, TPP for mode Truck and etc, to segregate the Logistics Planners and also perform sap security segregation. Each Shipment is assigned to a TPP. A Transportation Planning point can be responsible for multiple Shipping Points and the Shipment is assigned to one transportation planning point only, which can contain multiple deliveries assigned and those may belong to multiple shipping points that belongs to the same transportation planning point:.

In the same SPRO path, you assign the transportation planning point to a company code, as per screenshot above. This assignment is required to when the Shipment triggers a Shipment Cost Document, then the freight costs calculated are posted to the proper company code see more below Shipment Cost Document and Settlement details. The route is a component of LE-SHP and plays an important role in the Shipping process creation and planning, determining itinerary the leg or stage in the shipment , determines Means of Transport, like truck, train, plane or ship and they usually carry a departure point information e.

Shipping point and Destination Point port of destination, customer and etc.. Here you will inform what are the shipping types and their mode of transport. See below in the screenshot some example of Shipping Types. They are suggestions only.

Create them according to your business requirements. TCP is the place where goods are received, issued, re-shipped or processed. Those processes can include activities like customs clearance or railway car cleaning, railway station for example.

For each TCP, you can define the type for example: load transfer point, airport or border , who is the responsible customs office, calendar and stopover time. You can also refer it to a plant or shipping point, a customer or vendor or to an address. It is where you will specify all the regions that you plan to cover with your routes. The routes will be from a departure zone to a destination zone. The zones you set up here will be used in the master data.

The location of each customer and vendor will be identified using the Transportation Zone field on the Address tab in the customer or vendor master record. The transportation group specify the materials that will have similar requirements for transportation. For example, you can group products that are bulk or non-bulk, Pallet or Box and etc. You assign those groups in Material Master Records.

If the weight of the delivery plays a role in route determination, you can set up weight strategy here. Here is where you will define routes, route stages and maintain the transportation connection point, all them required for shipment stages strategies.

Identification: The identification is the description of the route and the Route ID, which is a complement to the description. If not required, I recommend repeating the description here. Processing: If the route is managed by a specific vendor, you can inform the Service Agent here. By doing this, when the shipment is created to that route, the vendor service agent will be automatically proposed, saving some time from logistics planner, who will not need to inform it manually.

You can also inform the Shipping Type field here. You can process stages for several routes at the same time. So, instead doing it one by one, use the transaction or path below to maintain it in a more efficient way. In the deliveries routes determination, you can also add weight groups to the list of controlling factors, if you are using weight as a criteria for routes determination, which is optional as explained more above.

Departure zone or country of the shipping plant 2. Shipping condition from Customer master. Transportation Group from Material master. Weight Group if in use. The route can also be manually entered or overwritten when you create or change a Sales Order document and also it can be re-determined in the Delivery document based on weight weight group if you are using the weight as a criteria explained more above.

Before configuring shipment documents, it is necessary to select the relevance to transportation. Once the transportation relevance is defined, you will need to configure the organizational structure that will run after transportation, for example, the shipment documents are created using the transportation planning point which is tied to other organizational elements, such as shipping points, plants and etc.

The shipment types are related to the different ways of transporting and processing products, either from sales or stock transfer orders and etc. Number Systems: It is where you maintain internal or external number range assignment that will be used when documents are created. See below some of the fields and what they mean. The shipment Cost Document is created in reference to a Shipment Document where one or more stages are relevant for Shipment Costs. When the Shipment Cost Document Item is assigned to an item category that is relevant for settlement, you can take advantage of additional features that includes freight cost calculation, accrual and invoice payments.

Usually, you have the freight rates agreed with your logistics service agents and those rates can be maintained upfront in the system and calculated using the pricing and conditions functionality.

The reference to the shipment cost calculation is the shipment document, but the rates that are calculated based on the condition and pricing procedure are stored in the shipment cost document.

They are used to determine what are the dates to be taken in consideration when a shipment is created, to the Pricing Date, Settlement Date. Since you may have different Shipment Item Types Item Categories , they may have different rules to the dates, if so, you can create different rules here and assign them to the Shipment Item Type.

Here is where you will inform the tariff zones along with their respective postal codes areas assigning to the tariff zones for each transportation planning point. You can use the Tariff Zones in the shipment cost calculation, based on a region defined by a set of Postal Codes assigned to a given Freight Agent. The profiles are very useful to calculate shipment cost document during the sales order creation to allow have an estimated freight amount.

In many businesses situations, it is common to have different needs for settlement procedures to the shipments. To handle those different needs, you can create different Shipment Types and assign them to their respective shipment types. It is my personal suggestion that makes more sense to define that the Shipment must be in status 6 — Shipment Started, until a Shipment Cost Document can be created. That guarantees that the Freight document SCD will only be created if the Goods really left the plant.

This last one is controlled via Ov. Shipmt indicator. In the box Calculation you can define the Date Rules see more above about date rules that will be used to pick the pricing date. You will also be able to define a partner function that the item category will be allowed to use for and the item determination group, which plays an important role in the pricing automatic determination.

This is to define in what level the cost distribution of shipment costs will be allocated during account assignment and document posting. You will be able to restrict the level of cost distribution using the field Origin of CO in this same configuration screen. The account assignment category is the cost collector that will be used for example:cost center, Profit Segment, Account Number and etc.

The available options are:. Once again, check the Date Rules explained more above. At the time that the shipment cost is posted transferred , SAP can create a PO or assign an existing PO depending on the configuration. Create as many as you need or use the standard delivered. Here is one example of what I had to do:. To each Shipment Cost Type, you need to do the proper assignments of Item Categories to specify when and how those item types will be pulled into the Shipment Cost Document.

The Rec. You can also select if to that shipment type, a given item category will be automatically assigned or if manual assignment is allowed, or even if the item category can shows twice in the same document. In this configuration you will indicate in what level the shipment cost needs to be calculated. Before you create a SCD, you must have the pricing procedures assignment with their respective set of conditions and to have rates maintained for those conditions.

If rates are not maintained, the document will still be created with 0. The Picture below shows how the Condition Technique operates. The condition technique, condition types, scales, pricing procedures and their main characteristics follows the same concept of pricing procedure for other SAP documents. We will not spend much time here on this topic as there are many other sources for that.

SAP SD - Shipping

Transportation The transportation process explains how to configure the transportation of goods thereby controlling all the necessary activities that take place during the delivery of goods to the customer. In this module, we can discuss the configuration settings required to map all the transportation activities in the SAP system. The following picture explains the process flow in sales with the transportation process. Setting Transportation planning point. It is the responsible organizational element for planning the shipment with particular features. Each shipment is assigned to one transportation planning point.

Shipment Cost Document In Sap Sd

I posted recently this same content at SCN and I decided to post it here too. I wrote this configuration guide for Logistics Execution Transportation LE-TRA sometime ago for my own reference and kept updating it while my company was changing the process, projects were going on, merges, acquisitions and etc. This document is more focused on freight payments and Shipment Cost Document, but it has a nice overview of all configuration required until a Shipment Cost Document can be created.

Sto Configuration In Sap. Payment method configuration will be discussed in three series. It offers end-to-end application lifecycle management to streamline business processes and proactively address improvement options.

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What is SAP SD? Introduction to SAP Sales & Distribution Module

Search for additional results. Analyze the results of the scheduling provided in the following delivery and transportation dates example: Delivery date: May 8, Goods issue date: May 8, Loading date. When the Shipment Cost Document Item is assigned to an item category that is relevant for settlement, you can take advantage of additional features that includes freight cost calculation, accrual and invoice payments. Shipment Cost Document Structure and Processing. The sales and distribution master data includes of customer master data, material master data, pricing conditions record, output records and credit management.

I wrote this configuration guide for Logistics Execution Transportation LE-TRA sometime ago for my own reference and kept updating it while my company was changing, projects were going on, merges, acquisitions and etc. I decided to share with this community, as it can be a good reference if you have to start from scratch or even redesign your process. This document is more focused on freight payments and Shipment Cost Document, but it has a nice overview of all configuration required until a Shipment Cost Document can be created. This includes of course, the shipment configuration in a higher level. Because the SCN Blogs has a limit of 20 images and also to facilitate the lecture, I divided this blog post in 3 parts:.

LE-TRA – Shipment & Shipment Cost Document Configuration

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Laura L. 03.05.2021 at 15:03

SAP Language · Transportation – Shipment Cost Document · Define and assign shipping type procedure group · Business Partner Master Data >.

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