File Name: organic farming advantages and disadvantages .zip
Organic agriculture is a production system that regenerates the health of soils, ecosystems, and people. Organic farmers rely on natural processes, biodiversity, and cycles adapted to local conditions rather than the use of synthetic inputs like chemical fertilizers, pesticides, and herbicides.
Even though organic farming has been around since the Neolithic period, when our ancestors turned from hunters and gatherers to farmers, there is no doubt that it is experiencing a bit of a comeback in recent years. The main reason behind this growth in popularity is that the majority of consumers take into consideration the health benefits of chemical-free products, care about animal welfare and make conscious choices to prevent further environmental degradation. With ever-increasing awareness about toxic chemicals used extensively in modern agriculture, more people are willing to pay higher prices for organically produced food. According to the Research Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBL , the demand for organic products is constantly on the rise, which makes this way of farming economically interesting for farmers; India is in the lead when it comes to the number of organic producers, while Australia has the largest proportion of organically farmed land over
Organic farming promotes biodiversity. According to a study by the Environment Program, organic farming yields less than normal farming. In the pillars of food security, a recent study in Science-Digest stressed that promotion of organic farming can intensify yield production particularly in poor countries where inputs for conventional agriculture are highly expensive, thus contributing to increased food security. Go to your local organic farmer. Organic crops also have better resistance to pest and diseases. Due to conventional agricultural activities, the soil and land may degrade because of human mismanagement of soils.
Organic farming is an agricultural system which originated early in the 20th century in reaction to rapidly changing farming practices. Certified organic agriculture accounts for 70 million hectares globally, with over half of that total in Australia. It is defined by the use of fertilizers of organic origin such as compost manure , green manure , and bone meal and places emphasis on techniques such as crop rotation and companion planting. Biological pest control , mixed cropping and the fostering of insect predators are encouraged. Organic standards are designed to allow the use of naturally occurring substances while prohibiting or strictly limiting synthetic substances.
What is organic farming? What specifications and standards does organic farming follow? Advantages and disadvantages of organic farming? Organic farming can be defined as a system of management and agricultural production that combines a high level of biodiversity with environmental practices that preserve natural resources and has rigorous standards for animal welfare. The term organic farming can apply to the following categories of products:. Businesses will then get certified if they show evidence of complying with strict specifications which vary depending on the type of production. Yet, some of the most common principles of organic farming are:.
Disadvantages of organic farming. Organic food is more expensive because farmers do not get as much out of their land as conventional farmers do. Production costs are higher because farmers need more workers. Marketing and distribution is not efficient because organic food is produced in smaller amounts.
In organic farming, crops , meat and other food are produced without chemicals. Fertilizers , pesticides , growth hormones and antibiotics are forbidden. During thousands of years of civilization the raising of animals and growing of plants have always been organic. Chemicals for farming first came up at the turn of the 20th century.
The word organic has become the buzzword in the recent times owing to the growing awareness of consumers on the drastic effects of chemical laden products on humans, animals and the environment. The label containing the words organic, green, natural and eco-friendly are drawing much attention of public though they are exceptionally priced. Of course, it is not a fad, but just a way of getting back to our traditional way of producing and consuming food. There is a lot of science behind the word organic and it is applicable in its own way to each field. For example, in dairy, a product is considered organic not just if the milk or milk products are free of antibiotics or hormones; also the cows should be fed with grass that is free of pesticides, fertilizers and GM seeds.
Despite the good things about organic farming why do most farmers still operate by industrialized agriculture? Here we explore the pros and cons organic farming presents for consumers and producers, as well as examining the environmental effects of organic farming.
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There are however both advantages and disadvantages when it comes to production of organic food, the choice of many farmers being not to produce organic.
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Organic food is a big growth area for consumer demand.