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Asked by Wiki User. Public Administration is basically the development, implementation and study of different branches of the policies by the government. It pursues the public good by enhancing the civil society and the social justice.
In order to get a clear and accurate idea about the nature and scope of public administration , it is necessary to know the similarity and differences between public and private administration. This article will help you to draw the dividing line between public and private administration.
In general, the concept of administration, whether public or private, is universal. If we understand administration to mean cooperation in the conduct of business, then the presence of administration is essential, whether in the private sector or in the public sector.
Although the importance of administration is recognized in both public and private sectors, the form and style of public and private administration are not the same. There are a lot of differences between public and private administration. There are some key differences between public and private administration.
Paul H. Appleby, Herbert A Simon, and Peter Drucker have made a clear distinction between public and private administration. They are —. When the word administration is used for government activities and organizations, it is called public administration.
All government offices. On the other hand, private administration refers to the activities of a private organization. All privately owned company or organizations. The purpose of public administration is to perform its functions keeping in view the interest or welfare of the people. The success of government administration depends on the protection of the public interest or the acceptance of the basic demands of the people. The prime goal of the public administration is to implement public policy introduced by the government.
The private administration as a whole is not engaged in public interest. Here the administration is employed according to the needs and interests of the management of a private or non-government organization. The main goal of the private administration is to fulfill the personal aspirations of the owner of that particular organization. So it can be said that private administration is a profit-oriented administration.
Another fundamental difference between public administration and private administration is that public administration is governed by a statutory law, which is also created by a particular political authority. Therefore, the activities of public administration are limited to the limits of this particular law.
Although the administration of a private organization is governed by law, there is no obligation to do so within the limits of the law. In the case of private administration, the director may change the law if necessary. Public accountability is the backbone of public administration. The government is accountable to the people for errors in public administration.
The failure or success of the government depends on the failure or success of the public administration. Public administration is directly accountable to the government and indirectly accountable to the citizens. On the other hand, private administration is not accountable to the people. Their prime goal is to generate maximum profits.
The discretion and freedom of action of public administration is limited compared to the private administration. The executive branch of the government directly controls public administration by enacting several laws in the legislative branch of the government.
On the other hand, private administration is not controlled by the government. Its freedom of action is wider than public administration. Its rule regulations are frequently changing in terms of their requirements. The most important thing which differentiates public administration from private administration is its political character. Public administration is run by political direction and regulation. The main task of public administration is to implement public policies.
On the other side private administration completely separated from politics. There is no political influence in the operation of private administration. Its functions are directed by market forces. The bureaucratic approach is used for running public administration, but private administration has an egalitarian approach. The main sources of revenue of public administration are mainly taxes, duties, fees, etc. There is a big difference between public and private administration in terms of their scope.
Public administration is much wider than private administration. The citizen can get almost every service from pubic administration like food, health facilities, education, communication, housing, transportation, and so on. But on the other hand, private administration deals with those sectors from which they earn profits. Public administration is usually not controlled by any economic interest. As the goal of public welfare becomes the main one, in the case of public administration, financial gain or profit-making does not get special importance.
The question of making a profit does not arise in the case of police, defense, or government service activities. On the other hand, the competence and efficiency of the administration of a private organization are tested on how the administration can raise the financial goals of the organization. While there are some fundamental differences between public and private administrations, there is no denying that there are similarities between the public and private administration.
Many Administrative thinkers like Henry Fayol , M. The similarities between public and private administration are-. Both the administrations are governed by a number of general principles. Another similarity between the two administrations is that they provide appropriate training to employees in need of special administrative experience and skills.
The activities of some private administrations like public administration can touch public life in terms of service. Privately owned transport systems, power supply, etc. In both the public and private spheres, the administration is a kind of group effort, where different levels of employees execute a particular objective through mutual interaction or means.
Both public and private administrations may face a number of specific problems such as decision-making problems, problems in managing director-management relationships, problems in the production or supply of consumer goods. However, the form and character of the problem may vary depending on the field and the environment.
From the light of the discussion on differences between public and private administration , it can be concluded that there are a lot of fundamental differences between public and private administration, but it is true that there are some similarities also.
Many emphasize the differences between public and private administrations, while others emphasize the similarities between the two. Many things in public administration today can be achieved with the help of private administration.
Judging by the necessity of the administrative system as a whole, it can be said that it is not possible to have any real purpose in verifying the differences between the two or the errors of both. What is needed is a joint effort of both private and public administration.
The goals and objectives of the government administration cannot be achieved without the help of non-governmental organizations or private administration. It is possible to build a healthy and strong administrative system through the skills, cooperation and coordination of both and this environment is beneficial for both government and non-government organizations.
Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. So nice of you Reply. Facebook Twitter LinkedIn Email. Copy link. Copy Copied. Powered by Social Snap. Public administration refers to the activity of governmental organization or institution. Private Administration refers to the activity of privately owned organizations or institution. Governed by the directors of the organizations. Only accountable to the owner of the organization.
Fully depends and controlled by economic interest.
The administration is the act of effectively managing the affairs of a business-related organization or state. The administration can do either by private individuals or public officials. Public administration is a branch of social science that works with service-oriented. In contrast, private administration works with business-oriented. However, there are described the difference between private and public administration. The private administration differs from the public administration, in three important perspectives, as like. Here an article describes helping you understand the denotation and differences between private and public administration.
Henri Fayol says that, there is only one administrative science, which can be applied equally well to public and private sector. Following are the similarity between public and private administration Both public and business administration rely on common techniques relating to planning, organization, budgeting, delegation, control and the like. Both make use of common skills such as accounts keeping, maintaining files etc. In modern times the principle of profit motive is not particular to private administration. Further, the business organization have also developed the sense of community service. They have also come to realize that they too have wider responsibilities in society. In personnel management the private organizations have been influenced greatly by the practices of public organization.
Jack H. Management studies often attempt to identify similarities and differences between the public and private sectors. This essay takes an alternative approach by examining the basic internal characteristics and external constraints on management in both sectors. The analysis concentrates on comparable team production problems and underlying principal-agent relationships, providing illustrations from private firms and public agencies. Most users should sign in with their email address. If you originally registered with a username please use that to sign in. To purchase short term access, please sign in to your Oxford Academic account above.
In order to get a clear and accurate idea about the nature and scope of public administration , it is necessary to know the similarity and differences between public and private administration. This article will help you to draw the dividing line between public and private administration. In general, the concept of administration, whether public or private, is universal. If we understand administration to mean cooperation in the conduct of business, then the presence of administration is essential, whether in the private sector or in the public sector.
Administration refers to the broad range of activities and the execution of the functions related to the achievement of the objectives of an organization in an effective and efficient manner. Administration is an activity as well as a field of study. Administration is often distinguished or divided into two major branches namely public administration and private administration. Public administration and private administration are juxtaposed to each other in terms of processes, nature and objectives.
Another is the perceived threat which the merger poses to freestanding schools of business and to schools of public administration. Similarities between public administration and private administration. Before we study public finance, we may well compare it with individual or private finance.
Didn't find the answer you were looking for? Ask a Question. Iris Phillips answered.
Scholars such as Henry Fayol, Mary P. Follet and L. Urwick do not distinguish between public and private administration. Classical writers held the view that public and private administrations are undifferentiated members of the gender administration.
Чем отличаются изотопы? - спросил Фонтейн. - Это должно быть что-то фундаментальное. Соши пожирала глазами текст. - Подождите… сейчас посмотрю… отлично… - Сорок пять секунд! - раздался крик. Сьюзан взглянула на ВР.
Both public and business administration rely on common techniques relating to planning, organization, budgeting, delegation, control and the like. Both make use of common skills such as accounts keeping, maintaining files etc. In modern times the principle of profit motive is not particular to private administration.
В следующую секунду, со сломанными шейными позвонками, он сполз на пол. ГЛАВА 61 Джабба лежал на спине, верхняя часть туловища скрывалась под разобранным компьютером. Во рту у него был фонарик в виде авторучки, в руке - паяльник, а на животе лежала большая схема компьютера. Он только что установил новый комплект аттенюаторов на неисправную материнскую плату, когда внезапно ожил его мобильный.
Такой поиск, по существу, представляет собой команду компьютеру просмотреть все строки знаков на жестком диске, сравнить их с данными громадного по объему словаря и пометить те из них, которые кажутся бессмысленными или произвольными. Это сложнейшая работа, заключающаяся в постоянном отсеивании лишнего, но она вполне выполнима. Сьюзан понимала, что, по всей логике, именно ей предстояло решить эту задачу. Она вздохнула, надеясь, что ей не придется раскаиваться в том, чем она собиралась заняться. - Если все пойдет хорошо, то результат будет примерно через полчаса.
Она была похожа на самую обычную старомодную пишущую машинку с медными взаимосвязанными роторами, вращавшимися сложным образом и превращавшими открытый текст в запутанный набор на первый взгляд бессмысленных групп знаков. Только с помощью еще одной точно так же настроенной шифровальной машины получатель текста мог его прочесть. Беккер слушал как завороженный.
Он увидел кое-что другое. И повернулся к офицеру.
The specific similarities between public and business (private) administration are as below. (a) The managerial techniques and skills of planning, organizing, coordinating, controlling, and so on are same in both. (b) Both have uniformity in accounting, filing, statistics, stocking, and so on.Jenna S. 06.05.2021 at 08:46
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It is recognized that Public Administration and Business Administration are both academic subjects and both deal with human behaviour. Although they share.Cammile S. 11.05.2021 at 19:23
). Gulik's famous POSDCORB will be visited later in the paper as administrators in discussed similarities between public administration and business.