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Acute abdominal pain can represent a spectrum of conditions from benign and self-limited disease to surgical emergencies. Evaluating abdominal pain requires an approach that relies on the likelihood of disease, patient history, physical examination, laboratory tests, and imaging studies.
As new research and clinical experience broaden our knowledge, changes in treatment and drug therapy are required. The authors and the publisher of this work have checked with sources believed to be reliable in their efforts to provide information that is complete and generally in accord with the standards accepted at the time of publication.
However, in view of the possibility of human error or changes in medical sciences, neither the authors nor the publisher nor any other party who has been involved in the preparation or publication of this work warrants that the information contained herein is in every respect accurate or complete, and they disclaim all responsibility for any errors or omissions or for the results obtained from use of the information contained in this work.
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They may also be a useful study tool for Step 3. Each question in this book has a corresponding answer, a reference to a text that provides background for the answer, and a short discussion of various issues raised by the question and its answer. A listing of references for the entire book follows the last chapter.
To simulate the time constraints imposed by the qualifying examinations for which this book is intended as a practice guide, the student or physician should allot about one minute for each question.
After answering all questions in a chapter, as much time as necessary should be spent reviewing the explanations for each question at the end of the chapter. Attention should be given to all explanations, even if the examinee answered the question correctly.
Those seeking more information on a subject should refer to the reference materials listed or to other standard texts in medicine. Select the one best response to each question. A year-old male patient complains of fever and sore throat for several days. The patient presents to you today with additional complaints of hoarseness, difficulty breathing, and drooling. On examination, the patient is febrile and has inspiratory stridor. Which of the following is the best course of action?
Begin outpatient treatment with ampicillin b. Admit to intensive care unit and obtain otolaryngology consultation d. Schedule for chest x-ray 2. A year-old patient with long-standing type 2 diabetes mellitus presents with complaints of pain in the left ear with purulent drainage. On physical exam, the patient is afebrile. The pinna of the left ear is tender, and the external auditory canal is swollen and edematous. The peripheral white blood cell count is normal. The organism most likely to grow from the purulent drainage is a.
Pseudomonas aeruginosa b. Staphylococcus aureus c. Candida albicans d. Haemophilus influenzae e. There is no headache, fever, or myalgia. A slightly pruritic maculopapular rash is noted over the abdomen, trunk, palms of the hands, and soles of the feet.
Inguinal, occipital, and cervical lymphadenopathy is also noted. Hypertrophic, flat, wartlike lesions are noted around the anal area. The most useful laboratory test in this patient is a. Weil-Felix titer b. Chlamydia titer d.
Blood cultures 4. The treatment of choice for this patient is a. Penicillin b. Ceftriaxone c. Tetracycline d. On exam, there is mild conjunctivitis and pharyngitis.
Tympanic membranes are inflamed, and one bullous lesion is seen. Chest exam shows few basilar rales. The sputum Gram stain is likely to show a.
Gram-positive diplococci b. Tiny gram-negative coccobacilli c. White blood cells without organisms d. Acid-fast bacilli 6. This patient is likely to have a. High titers of adenovirus b. High titers of IgM cold agglutinins c. A positive silver methenamine stain d. A positive blood culture for Streptococcus pneumoniae 7. Treatment of choice is a. Erythromycin b. Supportive therapy c.
Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole d. On physical examination, the throat is inflamed without exudate. There are a few palatal petechiae. Cervical adenopathy is present. The liver is percussed at 12 cm and the spleen is palpable. The most important initial test is a. Liver biopsy b. Strep screen c. Peripheral blood smear d. Toxoplasmosis IgG e. Lymph node biopsy 9. The most important serum test is a. Heterophile antibody b. Hepatitis B IgM c. Cytomegalovirus IgG d. ASLO titer e. Hepatitis C antibody Corticosteroids would be indicated if a.
Liver function tests worsen b. Fatigue lasts more than 1 week c.
He stood back and held the door open. He used his foot to get the two packs of mineral water inside. He kicked one too hard and it toppled over as it crossed the slight ledge between the outside landing and the apartment floor. He was not really a boy at all, now that he was standing so close. He was wearing slip-on shoes under shimmering Adidas tracksuit bottoms that had zips running down the calves. All candidates meeting the eligibility criteria will be asked to complete the Self-Assessment as detailed in this be loyal matthew following the king of kings the be series commentary I had found a gun in his basement and had taken it across the street to show Tuddy, and then I put it back.
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Emergency Medicine PreTest Self-Assessment and Review, Fourth Edition: Medicine & Health Science Books @ carlislefamilyconnection.org
As new research and clinical experience broaden our knowledge, changes in treatment and drug therapy are required. The authors and the publisher of this work have checked with sources believed to be reliable in their efforts to provide information that is complete and generally in accord with the standards accepted at the time of publication. However, in view of the possibility of human error or changes in medical sciences, neither the authors nor the publisher nor any other party who has been involved in the preparation or publication of this work warrants that the information contained herein is in every respect accurate or complete, and they disclaim all responsibility for any errors or omissions or for the results obtained from use of the information contained in this work. Readers are encouraged to confirm the information contained herein with other sources. For example and in particular, readers are advised to check the product information sheet included in the package of each drug they plan to administer to be certain that the information contained in this work is accurate and that changes have not been made in the recommended dose or in the contraindications for administration.
This book contains a variety of medical case studies from actual patients presenting to the emergency department. It includes not only typical cases that present to the ED but also less common, yet very important cases that one can't afford to miss. Each chapter begins with a case — or set of cases with typical and atypical aspects — of the disease in question. The cases provide expert discussion with tips and tricks, personal experience with management of each of the cases, and a follow-up description of the outcome of the cases to provide the reader with closure.
Introduction: Breaking bad news BBN in the emergency department ED represents a challenging and stressful situation for physicians.
ORG У человека, назвавшегося Северной Дакотой, анонимные учетные данные, но Сьюзан знала, что это ненадолго. Следопыт проникнет в ARA, отыщет Северную Дакоту и сообщит истинный адрес этого человека в Интернете. Если все сложится нормально, она скоро выяснит местонахождение Северной Дакоты, и Стратмор конфискует ключ. Тогда дело будет только за Дэвидом. Когда он найдет копию ключа, имевшуюся у Танкадо, оба экземпляра будут уничтожены, а маленькая бомба с часовым механизмом, заложенная Танкадо, - обезврежена и превратится во взрывное устройство без детонатора.
Конечно. - Бринкерхофф рассеянно кивнул, стараясь не смотреть на лиф ее платья. - Когда знаменатель равняется нулю, - объясняла Мидж, - результат уходит в бесконечность. Компьютеры терпеть не могут бесконечности, поэтому выдают девятки.
Сьюзан хмыкнула. Этот фонд, всемирная коалиция пользователей компьютеров, развернул мощное движение в защиту гражданских свобод, прежде всего свободы слова в Интернете, разъясняя людям реальности и опасности жизни в электронном мире.