File Name: food and waterborne diseases .zip
Food and water borne illness, often referred to as food poisoning, is generally caused by eating or drinking food or beverages contaminated by bacteria, parasites or viruses.
Foodborne and waterborne diseases are illnesses caused by bacteria that are present in contaminated food and water sources.
Foodborne, commonly called food poisoning, and waterborne illnesses are conditions caused by eating or drinking food or water that is contaminated by microbes or the toxins they produce. They typically cause gastrointestinal symptoms such as abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. There are many non-infectious causes of illness from contaminated food and water, and some microbes can lead to infections other than in the digestive tract, but these are beyond the scope of this article and are not covered here. In the United States, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDC estimates that as many as 1 in 6 people get sick each year from consuming contaminated food or beverages. Of those, roughly , are hospitalized and as many as 3, die from complications.
Waterborne diseases are conditions caused by pathogenic micro-organisms that are transmitted in water. These diseases can be spread while bathing, washing, drinking water, or by eating food exposed to contaminated water. While diarrhea and vomiting are the most commonly reported symptoms of waterborne illness, other symptoms can include skin, ear, respiratory, or eye problems. Microorganisms causing diseases that characteristically are waterborne prominently include protozoa and bacteria , many of which are intestinal parasites , or invade the tissues or circulatory system through walls of the digestive tract. Various other waterborne diseases are caused by viruses. In spite of philosophical difficulties associated with defining viruses as " organisms ", it is practical and convenient to regard them as microorganisms in this connection. Yet other important classes of water-borne diseases are caused by metazoan parasites.
Contaminated food and water can transmit a number of different infectious diseases, the risk is higher in low income regions . There is a wide range of infectious diseases that are transmitted by contaminated food and water. Many are caused by pathogens bacteria, viruses or parasites transmitted via the faecal-oral route consumption of food and drinks contaminated with faeces. Swallowing or inhaling contaminated water in inadequately treated swimming pools, hot tubs and spas can also transmit pathogens that can cause diarrhoea, vomiting, or infection of the ears, eyes, skin, or the respiratory system . Vaccinations can prevent only a small number of these diseases such as cholera, hepatitis A, polio and typhoid. Although contaminated food and water is difficult to avoid in areas with poor sanitation, it is sensible for travellers to try and reduce their risk by following the information below. Poisoning from ingesting marine toxins can occur worldwide.
Many cases of food poisoning happen when someone eats food that has harmful bacteria in it. The bacteria or the toxins produced by them can then make the person sick. Bacteria also can get into the water supply and make someone sick.
There are many different biological, chemical, or radiological agents that when added to food can result in many different types of illness. Some may be rapidly fatal; others require long-term exposure to result in illness. Some lead to short-term illness and others result in long-term complications.
Once production of your article has started, you can track the status of your article via Track Your Accepted Article. Help expand a public dataset of research that support the SDGs. Food and Waterborne Parasitology publishes high quality papers containing original research findings, investigative reports, and scientific proceedings on parasites which are primarily transmitted to humans via the consumption of food or water. The relevant parasites include protozoa, nematodes, cestodes and trematodes which are transmitted by food or water and capable of infecting humans.
Waterborne illness is caused by recreational or drinking water contaminated by disease-causing microbes or pathogens. Of note, many waterborne pathogens can also be acquired by consuming contaminated food or beverages, from contact with animals or their environment, or through person-to-person spread. Waterborne illnesses can cause a variety of symptoms. While diarrhea and vomiting are the most commonly reported symptoms of waterborne illness, other symptoms can include skin, ear, respiratory, or eye problems.
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